Wednesday, August 12, 2015

UNDERSTANDING DISCIPLINES AND LANGUAGE: A note on BEd paper of Calicut University

Sankaranaraynanan Paleeri.
Ast. Professor
NSS Training College, Ottapalam, Kerala.
Ph: 9447843559. Email:  Blog:
Search in ‘google’ or ‘youtube’ with full name : sankaranarayanan paleeri

(B Ed Curriculum of Calicut University, 2015)
The term academic (scientific) discipline can be defined as the academic studies that focus on a self-imposed limited field of knowledge.
What one teach and research as part of higher education is the academic discipline of that person (Lexica’ meaning)
Academic discipline is vast accumulation of knowledge in a specific area. For eg: History is discipline. It can also consider Medieval Indian History a discipline. Physics is a discipline. Astro- physics is a discipline. Robotics is a discipline.
A discipline incorporates experts, people, projects, communities, students, inquiries, researches and etc that are strongly associated with the given discipline. For Eg: Micro economics. Or Bio Informatics, or Educational Psychology, Human value education.
Individuals associated with academic discipline are referred to as experts or specialists.
Educational institutions originally use the term discipline to list and record the new and expanding bodies of knowledge and informative procedure by the society or community.
In 1980s there have an explosion of academic disciplines such as media studies, journalism, women studies, gender studies, black studies, pollution, oceanic pollution, hospitality management, hotel management and etc.
There have hundreds of disciplines.

Other than references suggested, available certain information from:
Search for “Eli . S Cohen and Scott J Lloyd: Dsciplinary Revolution and the Rise of the Transdiscipline

1.      Why university/NCTE/NCF suggested a subject like this?
A subject like this is proposed for teacher education curriculum with broad outlook. A subject or subject teacher is not a water tight compartment. No subject can completely abstain from other subject. This paper assures sharing of subject and teacher capacities between teachers.
All subjects/academic disciplines have a philosophy of its origin and development. A teacher should get a minimum knowledge of all subjects other than his or her school subjects.
Reciprocity among school subjects and subject teachers is a must in this era of fusion and integration.
A teacher must understand that all school subjects have relevance in one or other way, equal or more than her/his own subject of teaching.
A teacher must have minimum knowledge of philosophy of teaching and philosophical scaffolding of methodology of all subjects.
            A teacher may not be or need not be an expert in a discipline. But she/he should keep unending quest to be an expert in her/his discipline. Teaching is a mean to this end. This paper assures the sharing of this world wide academic interest.
            In the drastic period of changes, disciplines are emerging like mushrooms. Transdiscpline and most specific disciplines are organizing knowledge in deviated ways. Teacher must be aware of these factors.
            Scope of teachers in this modern era is the reason for implementing this subject.

School subjects and academic disciplines-Meaning, definitions and differences.
Relationship between school subjects and academic disciplines
Content of school subjects, Why studying school subjects?
School Subjects and Academic Disciplines: Three Juxtapositions –continuous, discontinuous, related.
Knowing the Content of a School Subject
Why studying school subjects?
New directions for studying school subjects.
Deng, Z (2013), School subjects and academic disciplines.
In A Luke, A woods & K weir (Eds.), Curriculum, Syllabus design and equity: A primer
and model Routledge.

Ivor F. Goodson and Colin J. Marsh, Studying school subjects, A guide (1996),
School subjects as historical and cultural phenomena.
Schooling for university. Schooling for everyday life.

Same topics as given in the text book Studying school subjects
Ivor F. Goodson and Colin J. Marsh, Studying school subjects, A guide (1996), Routledge.
School subjects and their evolution as a Curricular Area at school.

Evolution of school subjects before and after independence.
Gurukulam, Kutippallikoodam, Patasala and formal schools.

Subject nature and Subject history of Languages.
Subject nature and Subject history ofMathematics-Mathematical Reasoning
Structure ofMathematics: Axioms, Definitions, Theorems,
Subject nature and Subject history of Sciences.
Subject nature and Subject history of Social Science
Subject matter in sciences and social sciences

Inquiry in different domains of knowledge -its difference
Same topics as given in the text book Studying school subjects

A historical and analytical reading of the pre and post independence schooling in India

Subject specific philosophies of Languages, Maths, Science, social science

The process of adding new knowledge into the curriculum
Ivor F. Goodson and Colin J. Marsh, Studying school subjects, A guide (1996), Routledge.

teacher and education in emerging indian society - NCERT

Ivor F. Goodson and Colin J. Marsh, Studying school subjects, A guide (1996), Routledge.

NCF chapter 3 – Curricular areas, school stages and assessment.
 KCF on appropriate school subjects

No reference books ( Should evolve from discussion between students and the teacher of the concerned discipline)
Curriculum change as socio- political process.
Inclusion of work related subject areas.
Inter disciplinary approach,

Inclusion of near subject areas such as Sex
Horticulture, Hospitality, Life skills, Health care.
Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection.
Socio- political Factors affecting Curriculum.
Importance of inter disciplinary approach.

Emerging areas that form part of the curriculum at school level.
Any book on Curriculum

Appropriate websites or text books highlighting the importance of these subjects.

Disciplinary Evolution and the Rise of the Transdiscipline Eli B. Cohen Informing Science Institute Santa Rosa, CA, USA and Scott J. Lloyd University of Rhode Island Kingston, RI, USA – some explanations from their book.
“In science …, novelty emerges only with difficulty, manifested by resistance, against a background provided by expectations.”—Thomas Kuhn (2012) Abstract This paper challenges readers to reflect on academic disciplines in a new way, through the lens of the theory of evolution. Indeed, how disciplines came into being has been largely left unexplored. This paper shows how the concepts of evolution can be productively applied to describe the development, creation, and diminishment of disciplines. These concepts include natural selection, speciation, parallel evolution, extinction, and heterosis, among others. The paper concludes that these forces lead to a prediction that a new form of organization, the transdiscipline, is evolving to become perhaps predominant. Keywords: Informing Science, transdiscipline, academic disciplines, evolution Introduction What is an Academic Discipline: Something Old, Something New The term academic (or scientific) discipline can be defined as academic studies that focus on a self-imposed limited field of knowledge. The idea of scientific disciplines is both old and new. Dirks (1996) traces the origins of academic disciplines back to the ancient Greeks, around 500 BCE, but writes that university departments were first seen in the US only around 1825. Stichweh (2001) also sees scientific disciplines as a relatively new phenomenon, writing “The scientific discipline as the primary unit of internal differentiation of science is an invention of nineteenth century society." How do academic disciplines differ? Disciplines differ from one another in at least three primary ways: the area of their investigations (which we call context), their research methods, and their epistemologies (Schommer-Aikins, Duell, & Barker, 2003). The contexts of Material published as part of this publication, either on-line or in print, is copyrighted by the Informing Science Institute. Permission to make digital or paper copy of part or all of these works for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that the copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage AND that copies 1) bear this notice in full and 2) give the full citation on the first page. It is permissible to abstract these works so long as credit is given. To copy in all other cases or to republish or to post on a server or to redistribute to lists requires specific permission and payment of a fee. Contact to request redistribution permission. Disciplinary Evolution and the Rise of the Transdiscipline 190 disciplines are often rendered and compared using a system created by Biglan (1973a, 1973b) that posits a classification of academic disciplines on three orthogonal dimensions (hard vs. soft disciplines, pure vs. applied disciplines, life vs. non-life context).

Sankaranaraynanan Paleeri. Ast. Professor, NSS Training College, Ottapalam, Kerala.
Ph: 9447843559. Email:  Blog:
Search in ‘google’ or ‘youtube’ with full name : sankaranarayanan paleeri

Sankaranaraynanan Paleeri.
Ast. Professor
NSS Training College, Ottapalam, Kerala.
Ph: 9447843559. Email:  Blog:
Search in ‘google’ or ‘youtube’ with full name : sankaranarayanan paleeri

            It is a fat that the language that determine the culture and culture that envisages language. They are reciprocal. Humanity is globalized and language accomplish with very many dimensions. All languages are on a tip of drastic changes. Changes are occurring not by ears, but within days or even within hours.
            The techno languages hijack the system of human communication. It has both adverse effects and advantages. A fact is that we must changes. This paper in our curriculum intends to implement conceptual awareness to student teachers on vast and wide possibilities of language and communication. 
             English language opens high opportunities. Importance of the English language must be understood by student teachers. the need of teachers never ends by the limits of Kerala state. We want teacher not for PSC appearance, but to knock for worldwide opportunities.

What we can do other than the usual transaction modes?
Declare language weeks and ask student teacher s to observe it: Eg: English Language week
Must read newspapers from different languages.
Show movies from any language with English transcripts (also Malayalam movies with English transcripts)
Must provide opportunities to student teachers to watch movies like Not One Less. Life is Beautiful (Italian), Good bye Lenin, Children of Heaven, Rabbit Fence, Color of Paradise, MR. and Mrs. Iyyer, Gandi.. etc.

Give soap stories and comprehensive storie and ask to compere. (Eg Chetan Bagath for soap stories and Poulo Coeloh)

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